Brazilian Jiu Jitsu
What is Brazilian Jiu Jitsu?
Brazillian Jiu-jitsu is a complete Martial art that focuses on self defence as well as grappling and ground fighting. A derivative of Judo, the main premise of BJJ is that a smaller and weaker person by use of proper technique and leverage can successfully defend themselves against a heavier, bigger and stronger opponent by applying chokes and joint locks. This makes it the perfect art for men, women and children of all ages.
Although best known for its devastating effects on the ground, it is a misnomer that BJJ is only a grappling or ground fighting art. There is a significant portion of stand up self defence techniques taught as well as takedowns and throws.
The introduction of Kodokan Judo ground fighting techniques (newaza) to Brazil is attributed to Takeo Yano, Soshiro Satake and most famously Mitsuyo Maeda who taught Carlos and Helio Gracie. Over a period of many decades, the Gracie family and other students further refined and adapted the techniques they had learnt from Mitsuyo Maeda and other Japanese Judo teachers.
Since its inception in 1882, its parent art of judo was separated from older systems of Japanese jujutsu by an important difference that was passed on to Brazilian jiu-jitsu: it is not solely a martial art,but it is also a sport; a method for promoting physical fitness and building character in young people; and, ultimately, a way of life.